Saturday, November 15th at 11:00 AM at the Main Library
Mr. Leland Cole, long-time member of the Hamilton County Genealogical Society, will be presenting two lectures at the Main Library on November 15th. If you enjoyed the Quaker talk presented last month, this talk will extend your understanding of the Quaker influence in the early days of our country.
Lee will also discuss "Turmoil in the Ukraine" at 2:00 PM. The nation of Ukraine has experienced recent violent turbulence in a very stormy relationship with her Russian neighbor. Lee Cole, past President and current Board Member of the Center for Economic Initiatives and developer of a Marshall Plan prototype that has assisted many Ukrainian businesses, has first- hand knowledge of the current situation, and will provide a thorough overview along with historical background. This program is part of the Library's new "World Affairs" speaker series.
Who Was Anne Hutchinson?
Anne Hutchinson was born in Alford, England in 1591 where
she was educated. Later she went on to
become one of the most important women in British America. Eleanor Roosevelt felt Anne was one of the
five most important American women – Ever.
She is greatly responsible for Separation of Church and State and
Freedom of Speech and was the inspiration for Nathaniel Hawthorne’s Scarlet
fiery red-head, was very thoroughly trained on the Bible by her father the Rev.
Francis Marbury and became skilled on debating the subject. Her mother taught her how to be a mid-wife, a
skill she would later use in America.
When 21, Anne married Will Hutchinson, also from Alford, whose family
ran a very successful woolen import/export business. Soon after, the government increased business
taxes the couple decided to move to America.
On the ship she taught sessions on the Bible to other passengers.
Hutchinsons built a fine house in Boston near that of Governor John Winthrop, the
outspoken, autocratic, Puritan Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Anne continued to give lessons to small and
ever increasing groups of local women.
These popular sessions were eventually attended by up to 80 people, both
men and women. Winthrop was enraged as
Anne had differing views of “Salvation.”
He could not get her to change her mind so put her on trial. The first day, Anne successfully defended her
position against Winthrop and the clergy.
At the end of the second day, Anne was convicted and banished from the
colony. A second trial excommunicated
Anne from the Puritan church.
Will fled to Providence where they negotiated with the Indians and settled in
Pocasset, now Portsmouth, thus becoming co-founders of Rhode Island. In the meantime, Winthrop continued to send
ministers to meet with Anne and try to get her to recant her statements. She would not.
In order to
avoid these meetings, the family decided to remove to Pelham Bay (now the
Bronx) and negotiated with the Dutch for land.
Sixteen people, including much of Anne’s family moved. The land was located between the warring Dutch
and Lenape Indians. One day Anne was
informed, through the Dutch that the Indians and Chief Wampage would
attack. Anne refused to leave the camp
since she never before had any trouble with the Indians. The Indians attacked, slaughtered all the
inhabitants and animals and burned the camp.
It looked as though there were no survivors. However, Anne’s youngest daughter, Susannah,
was in the meadow picking berries and hid when she heard the screams and saw
found Susannah, adopted her, and took her into his village. She lived with the Indians for seven years
until finally she was ransomed by her uncle, Edward Hutchinson. She returned to Boston where she married John
Cole. Eventually they moved to Kingstown
in Rhode Island to manage the Hutchinson’s property.
Submitted by Lee Cole